It is important to add that the predominant dependence of the country upon the tourism and fisheries sectors enhances economic and social vulnerability to sea related hazards [ 15 - 20 ]. Floods and cyclones have killed more people in Thailand and the Philippines. The table provides an overview of the total land area of Asian countries and land vulnerable to desertification.: They may result from prolonged or very heavy rainfall, severe thunderstorms, monsoon rains, or tropical cyclones. Similarly, due to poor health education, awareness and health facilities, this region is also equally susceptible to epidemics. In the decadean average of about 4, people lost their lives and about 30 million people were affected by disasters every year.
After the Kobe conference, many efforts have been initiated in line with the resilient building of the state in the SAARC region; however, there exists a huge gap in its implementation.
Major Natural Hazards in Asia and the Pacific
As per Forest Survey of India report, 50 percent of the forest cover of the country is fire prone, out of which 6. The Maldives, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka are subject to coastal erosion and salinity intrusion [ 3 ]. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the disaster risk reduction and management systems and its challenges in the countries of South Asia Region. In the last few decades, earthquakes, tsunamis, and typhoons were among the deadliest natural hazards in the world. Nine Asian Development Bank member countries including China, India and Pakistan, have large land areas within the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid zones and therefore, as the table shows, these countries remain most vulnerable to desertification. Recent floods in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Nepal devastated the lives and properties in more than one country. Floods, earthquakes, forest fire, tsunami and volcanoes have significant cross border impacts.